CryptoCurrency Updates: November 24, 2021

CryptoCurrency Updates: November 24, 2021

Looking for the latest and hottest crypto news and updates? Check out today’s selection of News, Education, Resources and more!


Digital Assets: The Future Of Capital MarketsFor many years, certain parts of financial markets have been burdened by unnecessary restrictions leading to inefficiencies regarding the free allocation of capital. The upcoming broad applications of digital assets promise to change this. This article serves as an introduction to the topic of digital assets and describes some of the associated opportunities and challenges for retail investors, institutional investors, and financial service providers.”

What are digital assets and how are they held? “Demystifying the benefits and risks, and how blockchain is built and functions”

Digital assets: Everything you need to know “Today, even most small businesses have a website — about 64 percent, as of 2019. That number is sure to rise, since between 70-80 percent of consumers research companies online before making a purchase. The business world is well into the digital age. Most modern businesses are essentially media businesses, actively creating content for their websites, their social media accounts, and their marketing campaigns. All that digital content, plus some other documents and files behind the scenes, defines a broad category of files called “digital assets.”

Digital Asset Price Movements are Becoming More EfficientBitcoin’s reaction to Inflation Data – In an otherwise quiet week for digital assets, US economic data took center stage.  The year-over-year rise in the US Consumer Price Index (CPI) jumped to 6.2% in October, its highest level in over 30 years, and the fifth month in a row where the inflation rate topped 5.0%. The market responded immediately, and rationally.  Government bond yields rose 11 bps, reversing the previous week’s decline in yields, though real yields are at a 70-year low of around -4.6% (so much for the risk-free rate — the volatility in government bond prices in recent months has picked up to post-pandemic highs).  Even gold briefly woke up, rising 2.6% (though it remains negative YTD).”

What are Digital Assets? “The term “digital asset” has become more common in marketing and creative communication – and with good reason. According to Venngage, 74% of marketers now use visuals in over 70% of their content. But, despite the increased use of digital assets, there’s still a disconnect between what’s considered a digital asset. Is it just any digital file? If not, what are the other criteria? In this post, we’ll explore the key elements of digital assets, how to evaluate the value of your digital assets and why digital assets are important to your business.”

What are Digital Assets? “The definition of a digital asset is “anything that exists in binary data which is self-contained, uniquely identifiable, and has a value or ability to use.” When the term originated in the mid-90s, digital assets were items such as videos, images, audio, and documentation. Since then, technological advances have given the term new life.”

CryptoCurrency Updates: November 21, 2021

CryptoCurrency Updates: November 21, 2021

Looking for the latest and hottest crypto news and updates? Check out today’s selection of News, Education, Resources and more!


Decoding Crypto: What Was the First Cryptocurrency and Who Created It?   “Bitcoin (BTC) is the largest and most well-known cryptocurrency, but it wasn’t the first attempt at a digital, decentralized currency. Earlier versions of cryptocurrency existed well over a decade before Bitcoin’s first lines of code were written in 2009.”

Two Tips To Keep Your Online Activity- And Your Bitcoin- Safer   “Staying safe online is becoming tougher and tougher. We are now in a period where cyber-attacks are becoming a part of daily life and which not only affect individuals but whole countries. Recently it was suggested that North Korea has begun attacking other countries internet systems in order to disrupt and put pressure on their enemies. It was reported by bbc.co.uk that North Korea were behind and recent wannacry security hack that affected the NHS in the UK and put pressure on services in the United States.”

bitcoin best practices – bitcoin core + specter + coldcard guide  “The goal of this guide is to get you setup with using bitcoin in a reasonably easy, affordable, and secure way. After you get comfortable with this setup you can easily upgrade your security and privacy without changing the software you are using.”

The beginner’s guide to creating & selling digital art NFTs  Unlockable content, filterable properties, limited-edition listings, and more… As word spreads about the rise of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs), we’re fielding more and more questions from artists and creators looking to sell their work on the blockchain. For many, the first steps can be tricky to overcome. Crypto wallets? Ethereum? We’ve all been there. Here’s how to turn your art into NFTs and list them for sale on OpenSea.

Edition365: A portrait of the year that changed everything “Since the coronavirus pandemic swept the world in March 2020, humanity has shared – and documented – an extraordinary experience. History has unfurled in front of our eyes; cracks in our systems have been magnified, and across oceans and borders, ways of thinking, acting, and existing remain in flux. Intended to stand as a historical reference for decades to come, Edition365 is the newest open call from 1854 and British Journal of Photography, set to produce a global and multi-faceted portrait of the year that changed everything. Edition365 will culminate in a major virtual exhibition in collaboration with growing nexus of the digital art space, New Art City, alongside a collectible photobook and an NFT auction.

Where do you go to get your favorite Crypto News? Leave a comment below!

What is a crypto wallet?

What is a crypto wallet?

Definition: “Crypto wallets store your private keys, keeping your crypto safe and accessible. They also allow you to send, receive, and spend cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum.”

Crypto wallets keep your private keys – the passwords that give you access to your cryptocurrencies – safe and accessible, allowing you to send and receive cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum. They come in many forms, from hardware wallets like Ledger (which looks like a USB stick) to mobile apps like Coinbase, which makes using crypto as easy as shopping with a credit card online.

Why are crypto wallets important?

Unlike a normal wallet, which can hold actual cash, crypto wallets technically don’t store your crypto. Your holdings live on the blockchain, but can only be accessed using a private key. Your keys prove your ownership of your digital money and allow you to make transactions. If you lose your private keys, you lose access to your money. That’s why it’s important to keep your hardware wallet safe, or use a trusted wallet provider like Coinbase.

How do you use a crypto wallet?

Crypto wallets range from simple-to-use apps to more complex security solutions. The main types of wallets you can choose from include:

  • Paper wallets: Keys are written on a physical medium like paper and stored in a safe place. This of course makes using your crypto harder, because as digital money it can only be used on the internet.

  • Hardware wallets: Keys are stored in a thumb-drive device that is kept in a safe place and only connected to a computer when you want to use your crypto. The idea is to try to balance security and convenience.

  • Online wallets: Keys are stored in an app or other software – look for one that is protected by two-step encryption. This makes sending, receiving, and using your crypto as easy as using any online bank account, payment system, or brokerage.

Each type has its tradeoffs. Paper and hardware wallets are harder for malicious users to access because they are stored offline, but they are limited in function and risk being lost or destroyed. Online wallets offered by a major exchange like Coinbase are the simplest way to get started in crypto and offer a balance of security and easy access. (Because your private info is online, your protection against hackers is only as good as your wallet provider’s security – so make sure you look for features like two-factor verification.)

Using an app like Coinbase Wallet or Exodus gives you easy access to your crypto holdings. You can:

  • Manage all your digital assets in one secure place

  • Control your own private keys

  • Send and receive cryptocurrency to and from anywhere in the world

  • Interact with usernames rather than long, hexadecimal “public key” addresses

  • Browse dapps (decentralized finance apps)

  • Shop at stores that accept cryptocurrency

Guide for cryptocurrency users and tax professionals

Guide for cryptocurrency users and tax professionals

Cryptocurrency is a relatively new innovation that requires guidelines on taxation so that Canadians are aware of how to meet their tax obligations. The Senate reviewed the issue of taxation on cryptocurrency in 2014 and recommended action to help Canadians understand how to comply with their taxes, which the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is doing by presenting this guide.

Tax treatment of cryptocurrency for income tax purposes

Cryptocurrency is a digital representation of value that is not legal tender. It is a digital asset, sometimes also referred to as a crypto asset or altcoin that works as a medium of exchange for goods and services between the parties who agree to use it. Strong encryption techniques are used to control how units of cryptocurrency are created and to verify transactions. Cryptocurrencies generally operate independently of a central bank, central authority or government.

The following pages outline the income tax implications of common transactions involving cryptocurrency. When we refer to cryptocurrency in this publication, we are talking about Bitcoin or other similar virtual currencies.

Basic concepts

The CRA generally treats cryptocurrency like a commodity for purposes of the Income Tax Act. Any income from transactions involving cryptocurrency is generally treated as business income or as a capital gain, depending on the circumstances. Similarly, if earnings qualify as business income or as a capital gain then any losses are treated as business losses or capital losses.

Taxpayers have to establish if a cryptocurrency activity results in income or capital because this affects the way the revenue is treated for income tax purposes. Not all taxpayers who buy and sell cryptocurrency are carrying on business activity.

When you use cryptocurrency to pay for goods or services, the CRA treats it as a barter transaction for income tax purposes. A barter transaction occurs when two parties exchange goods or services and carry out that exchange without using legal currency. For more information, please review our archived content on barter transactions.

To figure out the value of a cryptocurrency transaction where a direct value cannot be determined, you must use a reasonable method. Keep records to show how you figured out the value. Generally, the CRA’s position is that the fair market value is the highest price, expressed in dollars that a willing buyer and a willing seller who are both knowledgeable, informed and prudent, and who are acting independently of each other, would agree to in an open and unrestricted market. For example, you could choose an exchange rate taken from the same exchange broker you are using or an average of midday values across a number of high-volume exchange brokers. Whichever method you choose, use it consistently.

If you hold more than one type of cryptocurrency in a digital wallet, each type of cryptocurrency is considered to be a separate digital asset and must be valued separately. For example, a Bitcoin is valued separately from a Litecoin.

Reporting business income or capital gains from the disposition of cryptocurrency

What is a disposition?

This refers to the way you get rid of something, such as by giving, selling or transferring it. In general, possessing or holding a cryptocurrency is not taxable. But there could be tax consequences when you do any of the following:

  • sell or make a gift of cryptocurrency
  • trade or exchange cryptocurrency, including disposing of one cryptocurrency to get another cryptocurrency
  • convert cryptocurrency to government-issued currency, such as Canadian dollars
  • use cryptocurrency to buy goods or services

Is it business income or capital gain?

The income you get from disposing of cryptocurrency may be considered business income or a capital gain. In order to report it correctly, you must first establish what kind of income it is.

The following are common signs that you may be carrying on a business:

  • you carry on activity for commercial reasons and in a commercially viable way
  • you undertake activities in a businesslike manner, which might include preparing a business plan and acquiring capital assets or inventory
  • you promote a product or service
  • you show that you intend to make a profit, even if you are unlikely to do so in the short term

Business activities normally involve some regularity or a repetitive process over time. Each situation has to be looked at separately.

In some cases, a single transaction can be considered a business, for example when it is an adventure or concern in the nature of trade. Whether you are carrying on a business or not must be determined on a case by case basis. For more information, please review our archived content on an adventure or concern in the nature of trade.

Another factor in deciding if there is a business activity is the date when the business begins. If you are still setting up or preparing to go into business, you might not be considered to have started the business. You usually have to undertake significant activity that is part of your income-earning process. Any funds or property you receive before your business begins are not generally considered to be business income. Similarly, you cannot claim deductions for income tax purposes before the business begins. For more information, please review our archived content on the start of business operations.

Some examples of cryptocurrency businesses are:

  • cryptocurrency mining
  • cryptocurrency trading
  • cryptocurrency exchanges, including ATMs

Paragraphs 9 to 32 of Interpretation Bulletin IT-479R : Transactions in securities, provide general information to help you figure out if transactions are income or capital gains. Although the discussion of income and capital in this interpretation bulletin is helpful, remember that cryptocurrencies are not Canadian securities under the Income Tax Act.

Reporting as either income or capital gain

Generally, if disposing of cryptocurrency is part of a business, the profits you make on the disposition or sale are considered business income and not a capital gain. Buying a cryptocurrency with the intention of selling it for a profit may be treated as business income, even if it’s an isolated incident, because it could be considered an adventure or concern in the nature of trade.

If the sale of a cryptocurrency does not constitute carrying on a business, and the amount it sells for is more than the original purchase price or its adjusted cost base, then the taxpayer has realized a capital gain.

Capital gains from the sale of cryptocurrency are generally included in income for the year, but only half of the capital gain is subject to tax. This is called the taxable capital gain. Any capital losses resulting from the sale can only be offset against capital gains; you cannot use them to reduce income from other sources, such as employment income. You can carry forward your capital losses if you do not have any capital gains against which to offset those losses for the year or any of the preceding three years.

For more information on capital gains, see Guide T4037, Capital Gains.

Trading cryptocurrency for another type of cryptocurrency

Generally, when you dispose of one type of cryptocurrency to acquire another cryptocurrency, the barter transaction rules apply. You have to convert the value of the cryptocurrency you received into Canadian dollars. This transaction is considered a disposition and you have to report it on your income tax return. Report the resulting gain or loss as either business income (or loss) or a capital gain (or loss).

Example 1: Business income or loss

Alice regularly buys and sells various types of cryptocurrencies. She pays close attention to the fluctuations in the value of cryptocurrencies and intends to profit from the fluctuations. Her activities are consistent with someone who is engaged in the business of day trading. In 2017, Alice sold $240,000 worth of various cryptocurrencies, which she originally purchased for $200,000. Her net profit is $40,000. Since Alice is actively trading in cryptocurrency, which is a commercial activity, she has to report business income of $40,000 on her 2017 income tax return.

Example 2: Capital gain or loss

Tim found a deal on a living room set at an online vendor that accepts Bitcoin. Tim acquired $3,500 worth of Bitcoin to buy the furniture with. By the time he bought the furniture and converted his remaining Bitcoin back into dollars, the value of Tim’s Bitcoin had increased by $500. The gain realized by Tim was on account of capital, so Tim has to report a $500 capital gain on his income tax return. However, only 50% of that capital gain is taxable.

Example 3: Trading one type of cryptocurrency for another

On July 30, 2018, Francis bought 100 units of Ethereum, which had a value of $20,600. For this purchase, Francis used 2.5061 Bitcoins, which were trading at $8,220 per unit on that day, or the equivalent of $20,600. We consider that Francis disposed of those Bitcoins. Francis originally bought those Bitcoins for $15,000 and exchanged them for 100 units of Ethereum at a value of $20,600, resulting in a capital gain. It is calculated as follows:

$20,600 [fair market value of 2.5061 Bitcoins at the time of transaction]

– $15,000 [adjusted cost base of 2.5061 Bitcoins, their original purchase price]

$5,600 capital gain

$5,600 capital gain taxed at 50% = $2,800 taxable capital gain

If, on the other hand, the original purchase price of the 2.5061 Bitcoins had originally been $25,000, but at the time that Francis exchanged them for 100 units of Ethereum they were worth only $20,600, he would have a capital loss. It is calculated as follows:

$20,600 [fair market value of 2.5061 Bitcoins at the time of transaction]

– $25,000 [adjusted cost base of 2.5061 Bitcoins, their original purchase price]

$4,400 capital loss

$4,400 capital loss × 50% = $2,200 allowable capital loss

This example assumes that the cryptocurrency in question was held as an investment on account of capital; however, if this transaction occurred in the course of conducting a business, the entire amount of $5,600 would need to be reported as income in the first transaction and the entire $4,400 would be reported as a loss in the second transaction.

Earning cryptocurrencies through mining

Cryptocurrencies are commonly acquired in two ways:

  • bought through a cryptocurrency exchange
  • earned through mining

Mining involves using specialized computers to solve complicated mathematical problems which confirm cryptocurrency transactions. Miners will include cryptocurrency transactions into blocks, and try to guess a number that will create a valid block. A valid block is accepted by the corresponding cryptocurrency’s network and becomes part of a public ledger, known as a blockchain. When a miner successfully creates a valid block, they will receive two payments in a single payment amount. One payment represents the creation of new cryptocurrency on the network and the other payment represents the fees from transactions included in the newly validated block. Those who perform the mining processes are paid in the cryptocurrency that they are validating.

The income tax treatment for cryptocurrency miners is different depending on whether their mining activities are a personal activity (a hobby) or a business activity. This is decided case by case. A hobby is generally undertaken for pleasure, entertainment or enjoyment, rather than for business reasons. But if a hobby is pursued in a sufficiently commercial and businesslike way, it can be considered a business activity and will be taxed as such.

Valuing cryptocurrencies either as capital property or inventory

To file your income tax return, you need to know how to value your cryptocurrencies. This depends on whether they are considered capital property or inventory. When cryptocurrencies are held as capital property, you must record and track the adjusted cost base so that you can accurately report any capital gains.

If the cryptocurrencies are considered to be inventory, use one of the following two methods of valuing inventory consistently from year to year:

  • value each item in the inventory at its cost when it was acquired or its fair market value at the end of the year, whichever is lower
  • value the entire inventory at its fair market value at the end of the year (generally, the price that you would pay to replace an item or the amount that you would receive if you sold an item)

You might have to use other methods of valuing inventory, depending on the type of business you have. For example, property described in the inventory of a business that is an adventure or concern in the nature of trade must be valued at the cost you acquired the property for.

You will have to compare the cost and the fair market value of each item to figure out which is lower. You then use the lower figure for each item (or each class of items if specific items are not easily separated) to calculate the total value of your inventory at the end of the year.

“Cost” as used in the phrase “cost at which the taxpayer acquired the property,” means the original cost of the particular item of inventory (for example, a block of cryptocurrency), plus all reasonable costs incurred to buy that particular block of cryptocurrency.

Use the same inventory method from year to year. Please review our archived page on inventory .

For more information on valuating inventory, including the special rules for an adventure in the nature of trade, please review our archived content on this topic here.

Keeping books and records

If you acquire (by mining or otherwise) or dispose of cryptocurrency, you have to keep records of your cryptocurrency transactions. This also applies to businesses that accept cryptocurrency as payment for goods and services.

Cryptocurrency exchanges have different standards for the kinds of records they keep and how long they keep them. If you use cryptocurrency exchanges, we suggest that you export information from these exchanges periodically to avoid losing the information necessary to report your transactions. You are responsible for keeping all required records and supporting documents for at least six years from the end of the last tax year they relate to.

You should maintain the following records on your cryptocurrency transactions:

  • the date of the transactions
  • the receipts of purchase or transfer of cryptocurrency
  • the value of the cryptocurrency in Canadian dollars at the time of the transaction
  • the digital wallet records and cryptocurrency addresses
  • a description of the transaction and the other party (even if it is just their cryptocurrency address)
  • the exchange records
  • accounting and legal costs
  • the software costs related to managing your tax affairs.

If you are a miner, also keep the following records:

  • receipts for the purchase of cryptocurrency mining hardware
  • receipts to support your expenses and other records associated with the mining operation (such as power costs, mining pool fees, hardware specifications, maintenance costs, and hardware operation time)
  • the mining pool details and records

Please note that different types of software are available to track cryptocurrency trades and maintain records. The CRA does not endorse any particular software, so choose the type of software that is best for you to help with your record keeping.

For more information, please review our link on keeping records.

How does the GST/HST apply to cryptocurrency?

Where a taxable property or service is exchanged for cryptocurrency, the GST/HST that applies to the property or service is calculated based on the fair market value of the cryptocurrency at the time of the exchange.

If your business accepts cryptocurrency as payment for taxable property or services, the value of the cryptocurrency for GST/HST purposes is calculated based on its fair market value at the time of the transaction.

Keep all records that show how you calculated the fair market value.

CryptoCurrency Watch – Update November 16, 2021

CryptoCurrency Watch – Update November 16, 2021

The crypto market continues to break records. Bitcoin and Ethereum have set all-time highs, as has the crypto market as a whole.

What else has happened throughout this crazy week in crypto? We’ll tell you below.


Bitcoin and Ethereum attain all-time highs…again

Less than a month after hitting all-time highs, Bitcoin and Ethereum are at it again. The two largest cryptocurrencies by market capitalization eclipsed their previous highs, recording prices above CAD $85,973 and CAD $6,024 respectively.

At one point, BTC rose as high as CAD $85,999, while ETH set a new record at CAD $6,074. These incredible moves within the market were part of a larger rally that saw the crypto market surge above CAD $3.7 trillion for the first time.

Of course, it’s difficult to tie price movement to certain events, but there are those within the market who believe Bitcoin and Ethereum will continue their upward trend during the weeks ahead.

Solana and Reddit Co-Founders Collaborating on Web3 Social Media Initiative

The co-founder of Reddit, Alexis Ohanian, and Solana Labs co-founder Raj Gokal, have teamed up to invest CAD $125.5 million toward decentralized social initiatives. Ohanian’s venture firm, Seven Seven Six, and Solana Ventures will both pony up a cool USD $50 million to fuel growth in the social crypto market.

Ohanian made the announcement in Lisbon, Portugal, at the Solana Breakpoint conference, with Gokal by his side to fuel the crowd. “Build the next Twitter, build the next Facebook, build the next Instagram,” the co-founder stated, spurring attendees into a frenzy.

The project will maintain a strong focus on the services available through Solana, however, Ohanian believes the future lies with cross-chain functionality. As a result, the collaboration between the two companies will consider all projects no matter what blockchain is in use.

However, the question that must be asked is ‘Can decentralization create an answer to today’s social media problems?’ Privacy and control are two concerns that need to be addressed in today’s online world. Will this be the catalyst that drives an innovative solution? We’ll have to wait and see.

Twitter jumps into the dApps marketplace

A new player has entered the decentralized apps space and it’s likely you’ve heard of them. Twitter announced a new team dedicated specifically to exploring and developing in the dApps space. The team – named Twitter Crypto – will have Tess Rinearson at the helm.

Rinearson stated on the platform that she is, “Thrilled to share that I’ve joined Twitter, to lead a new team focused on crypto, blockchain, and other decentralized technologies.

Twitter Crypto will focus on decentralizing social media while providing content creators with an avenue to earn cryptocurrencies. Additionally, the team is expected to focus on the Web 3 space and all things that pertain to blockchain technology.

Read More Articles from my favorite news sources below:

HOW LEVERAGE IN THE DERIVATES MARKET DIPPED THE BITCOIN PRICE

CryptoCurrency Watch – Update October 25, 2021

CryptoCurrency Watch – Update October 25, 2021

Bitcoin Hits +$80,000 For All-Time-High!!

Bitcoin has been given the gift of momentum this week, in large part because of the amount of press it is receiving. With the approval of the Bitcoin ETF a week ago Friday, the price of Bitcoin began to increase gradually. Last Tuesday was a quiet day with not a lot of movement. Then suddenly, on Wednesday afternoon, Bitcoin spiked up to new all-time highs past $80,000!!

Image Source: PlanB, Twitter, twitter.com/100trillionUSD


First Bitcoin ETF Approved by SEC

Tuesday morning, the first Bitcoin ETF was approved by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)  and began trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Many proponents of Bitcoin have been waiting years for this moment.

What does this mean though, and why do Bitcoin ETFs signal greater adoption potential?

We can see that regulators will allow a certain level of adoption. That means it’s fair to anticipate a rise in Bitcoin adoption in financial markets, which results in more users for the market overall.

The twist is that buying this particular Bitcoin ETF from Proshares is more complicated than purchasing Bitcoin from an exchange or trading platform like Coinberry. Nonetheless, an ETF of any kind accepted by the SEC is a step toward having a better exchange-traded fund that’s easier for investors to purchase.

In addition to Proshares, two more companies, Van Eck and Valkyrie, will also be launching Bitcoin ETFs as soon as this week. Read more about what exchange-traded funds mean for Bitcoin from this new article from Coindesk news here.


Coin Insights – BitCoin

You’ve almost certain heard about Bitcoin (BTC) in the news. It’s the number one cryptocurrency in the world, and is now trading at all-time-highs (ATHs) of over $80,000 per Bitcoin.

But it didn’t always start out this way. Founded by a semi-anonymous founder with the pseudonym of Satoshi Nakamoto, Bitcoin had to overcome a number of extremely difficult challenges to get to where it is today.

Read more about why Bitcoin was started, how it developed, and how it has sparked a revolution in finance by clicking on our latest blog post entitled What Is Bitcoin here

If you need more information please reach out to us directly admin@dsos-books.com and we will book you an appointment with one of our staff members to answer your questions.

DSOS Bookkeeping & Accounting endorses Canadians buying Cryptocurrency from Coinberry.com

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